Gladiator's sword, Roman period, 1st. Century b.C (73cm)
Replicas of weapons for decoration, collecting, historical recreation,..
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Gladius is the Roman term used to designate the sword. Today it is applied to the typical sword of Ancient Rome used by the legions. It had an approximate length of half a meter and a straight and wide double-edged blade.
The word gladiator derives from gladius.
The Roman gladius were adapted from the short swords used by the Celtiberian mercenaries (gladius hispaniensis) in the service of Hannibal, during the Punic wars. These were of the type of the so-called Iberian falcatas or of the swords-of antennas-celtíberas; very practical for initiative attacks, since being short and light an attack could be launched very quickly, especially lunges, for which they had a long tip, although they could also be used by cutting, because they had double edge. The original Spanish swords were measured for each person and made of high quality iron, which was treated in a special way, resulting in high quality weapons. The end of the use of this effective weapon, considered the best sword that has ever existed from a practical and strategic point of view, and the one that caused the most deaths in ancient times, was marked by the Middle Kingdom. The gladius was an improvement of the falcata by the change of metal, which made it lighter. The gladius is designed for quick lunge attacks. This was very practical, since the Roman legionary who carried the sword was protected behind a scutum; once the enemy was uselessly unloading his blow on the shield or armor of the Roman, or was about to do so, the Roman launched a quick lunge with his agile gladius, stabbing and killing the rival. The gladius was replaced by the spatha, copied from the Germanic barbarians.
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